# Cookies

# Reading

Cookies can be accessed via the Request object’s cookies dictionary.

async def test(request):
    test_cookie = request.cookies.get("test")
    return text(f"Test cookie: {test_cookie}")


💡 The request.cookies object is one of a few types that is a dictionary with each value being a list. This is because HTTP allows a single key to be reused to send multiple values.

Most of the time you will want to use the .get() method to access the first element and not a list. If you do want a list of all items, you can use .getlist().

Added in v23.3

# Writing

When returning a response, cookies can be set on the Response object: response.cookies. This object is an instance of CookieJar which is a special sort of dictionary that automatically will write the response headers for you.

async def test(request):
    response = text("There's a cookie up in this response")
        "It worked!",
    return response

Response cookies can be set like dictionary values and have the following parameters available:

  • path: str - The subset of URLs to which this cookie applies. Defaults to /.
  • domain: str - Specifies the domain for which the cookie is valid. An explicitly specified domain must always start with a dot.
  • max_age: int - Number of seconds the cookie should live for.
  • expires: datetime - The time for the cookie to expire on the client’s browser. Usually it is better to use max-age instead.
  • secure: bool - Specifies whether the cookie will only be sent via HTTPS. Defaults to True.
  • httponly: bool - Specifies whether the cookie cannot be read by JavaScript.
  • samesite: str - Available values: Lax, Strict, and None. Defaults to Lax.
  • comment: str - A comment (metadata).
  • host_prefix: bool - Whether to add the __Host- prefix to the cookie.
  • secure_prefix: bool - Whether to add the __Secure- prefix to the cookie.
  • partitioned: bool - Whether to mark the cookie as partitioned.

To better understand the implications and usage of these values, it might be helpful to read the MDN documentation (opens new window) on setting cookies (opens new window).


By default, Sanic will set the secure flag to True to ensure that cookies are only sent over HTTPS as a sensible default. This should not be impactful for local development since secure cookies over HTTP should still be sent to localhost. For more information, you should read the MDN documentation (opens new window) on secure cookies (opens new window).

# Deleting

Cookies can be removed semantically or explicitly.

async def test(request):
    response = text("Time to eat some cookies muahaha")
    # This cookie will be set to expire in 0 seconds
    # This cookie will self destruct in 5 seconds
    response.add_cookie("fast_bake", "Be quick!", max_age=5)
    return response

Don't forget to add path or domain if needed!

# Eating

Sanic likes cookies 🍪

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