Test Clients

There are three different test clients available to you, each of them presents different capabilities.

Regular sync client: SanicTestClient#

The SanicTestClient runs an actual version of the Sanic Server on your local network to run its tests. Each time it calls an endpoint it will spin up a version of the application and bind it to a socket on the host OS. Then, it will use httpx to make calls directly to that application.

This is the typical way that Sanic applications are tested.

Once installing Sanic Testing, the regular SanicTestClient can be used without further setup. This is because Sanic does the leg work for you under the hood.


However, you may find it desirable to instantiate the client yourself.

from sanic_testing.testing import SanicTestClient

test_client = SanicTestClient(app)

A third option for starting the test client is to use the TestManager. This is a convenience object that sets up both the SanicTestClient and the SanicASGITestClient.

from sanic_testing import TestManager

mgr = TestManager(app)
# or

You can make a request by using one of the following methods

  • SanicTestClient.get
  • SanicTestClient.post
  • SanicTestClient.put
  • SanicTestClient.patch
  • SanicTestClient.delete
  • SanicTestClient.options
  • SanicTestClient.head
  • SanicTestClient.websocket
  • SanicTestClient.request

You can use these methods almost identically as you would when using httpx. Any argument that you would pass to httpx will be accepted, with one caveat: If you are using test_client.request and want to manually specify the HTTP method, you should use: http_method:

test_client.request("/path/to/endpoint", http_method="get")

ASGI async client: SanicASGITestClient#

Unlike the SanicTestClient that spins up a server on every request, the SanicASGITestClient does not. Instead it makes use of the httpx library to execute Sanic as an ASGI application to reach inside and execute the route handlers.

This test client provides all of the same methods and generally works as the SanicTestClient. The only difference is that you will need to add an await to each call:

await app.test_client.get("/path/to/endpoint")

The SanicASGITestClient can be used in the exact same three ways as the SanicTestClient.


The SanicASGITestClient does not need to only be used with ASGI applications. The same way that the SanicTestClient does not need to only test sync endpoints. Both of these clients are capable of testing any Sanic application.

Persistent service client: ReusableClient#

This client works under a similar premise as the SanicTestClient in that it stands up an instance of your application and makes real HTTP requests to it. However, unlike the SanicTestClient, when using the ReusableClient you control the lifecycle of the application.

That means that every request does not start a new web server. Instead you will start the server and stop it as needed and can make multiple requests to the same running instance.

Unlike the other two clients, you must instantiate this client for use:

from sanic_testing.reusable import ReusableClient

client = ReusableClient(app)

Once created, you will use the client inside of a context manager. Once outside of the scope of the manager, the server will shutdown.

from sanic_testing.reusable import ReusableClient

def test_multiple_endpoints_on_same_server(app):
    client = ReusableClient(app)
    with client:
        _, response = client.get("/path/to/1")
        assert response.status == 200

        _, response = client.get("/path/to/2")
        assert response.status == 200