# Getting Started

Before we begin, make sure you are running Python 3.7 or higher. Currently, is known to work with Python versions 3.7, 3.8 and 3.9.

# Install

pip install sanic

# Hello, world application

If you have ever used one of the many decorator based frameworks, this probably looks somewhat familiar to you.

TIP

If you are coming from Flask or another framework, there are a few important things to point out. Remember, Sanic aims for performance, flexibility, and ease of use. These guiding principles have tangible impact on the API and how it works.

from sanic import Sanic
from sanic.response import text
app = Sanic("MyHelloWorldApp")
@app.get("/")
async def hello_world(request):
    return text("Hello, world.")

# Important to note

  • Every request handler can either be sync (def hello_world) or async (async def hello_world). Unless you have a clear reason for it, always go with async.
  • The request object is always the first argument of your handler. Other frameworks pass this around in a context variable to be imported. In the async world, this would not work so well and it is far easier (not to mention cleaner and more performant) to be explicit about it.
  • You must use a response type. MANY other frameworks allow you to have a return value like this: return "Hello, world." or this: return {"foo": "bar"}. But, in order to do this implicit calling, somewhere in the chain needs to spend valuable time trying to determine what you meant. So, at the expense of this ease, Sanic has decided to require an explicit call.

# Running

Let's save the above file as server.py. And launch it.

sanic server.app

TIP

This another important distinction. Other frameworks come with a built in development server and explicitly say that it is only intended for development use. The opposite is true with Sanic.

The packaged server is production ready.

# Sanic Extensions

Sanic intentionally aims for a clean and unopinionated feature list. The project does not want to require you to build your application in a certain way, and tries to avoid prescribing specific development patterns. There are a number of third-party plugins that are built and maintained by the community to add additional features that do not otherwise meet the requirements of the core repository.

However, in order to help API developers, the Sanic organization maintains an official plugin called Sanic Extensions to provide all sorts of goodies, including:

  • OpenAPI documentation with Redoc and/or Swagger
  • CORS protection
  • Dependency injection into route handlers
  • Request query arguments and body input validation
  • Auto create HEAD, OPTIONS, and TRACE endpoints
  • Predefined, endpoint-specific response serializers

NEW in v21.12

The preferred method to set it up is to install it along with Sanic, but you can also install the packages on their own.

$ pip install sanic[ext]
$ pip install sanic sanic-ext

Starting in v21.12, Sanic will automatically setup Sanic Extensions if it is in the same environment. You will also have access to two additional application properties:

  • app.extend() - used to configure Sanic Extensions
  • app.ext - the Extend instance attached to the application

See the plugin documenataion for more information about how to use and work with the plugin

MIT Licensed
Copyright © 2018-present Sanic Community Organization

~ Made with ❤️ and ☕️ ~